Geopolitics 2.0

Fraser, Matthew (2009) Geopolitics 2.0. Elcano Newsletter (60). 7 p.. ISSN 1698-5184

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Abstract

An entirely new form of virtual weaponry is transforming the dynamics of geopolitics. The threat of cyber warfare is not new. The Internet was a product of the Cold War built in the 1960s by US military scientists to protect American communications infrastructure against a Soviet nuclear strike. Nearly a half century later, those threats remain. Today, however, cyber weapons are not only in hands of enemy and rogue states, but are being exploited by isolated individuals ranging from bored teenagers to wild-eyed terrorists. Today the impact of Web 2.0 goes beyond political mobilisation inside countries and digital diplomacy between states. It now includes virtual weaponry that has brought an entirely new form of warfare which is transforming the dynamics of geopolitics. We call this new global reality Geopolitics 2.0, which is –broadly speaking– characterised by three significant shifts: (1) states to individuals; (2) real-world to virtual mobilisation and power; and (3) old media to new media. Forced to react to the impact of these three Geopolitics 2.0 shifts, states are alternatively censoring or deploying Web platforms to achieve their goals and assert their influence –and in some cases, they are doing both–.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Estudio sólo disponible en inglés
Uncontrolled Keywords: Seguridad y Defensa
Subjects: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS > DEFENCE POLICY.
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS > INTERNATIONAL POLITICS.
SCIENCE; RESEARCH; METHODOLOGY > MATHEMATICS; STATISTICAL ANALYSIS > COMPUTER SCIENCE
CULTURE; SOCIETY > COMMUNICATION > COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
Divisions: Real Instituto Elcano, RIE
Depositing User: Jorge Horcas Pulido
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2012 09:51
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2012 09:51
URI: http://biblioteca.ribei.org/id/eprint/1721

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