Dollar Dominance, Euro Aspirations: Recipe for Discord?

Cohen , Benjamin J. (2009) Dollar Dominance, Euro Aspirations: Recipe for Discord? Elcano Newsletter (57). 14 p.. ISSN 1698-5184

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Abstract

After nearly a century of dominance of the international monetary system, has the US dollar finally met its match in the euro? When Europe’s Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) came into existence in 1999, many observers predicted that the euro would soon join America’s greenback at the peak of global finance. Achievements, however, have fallen short of aspirations. After an initial spurt of enthusiasm, international use of the euro now actually appears to be levelling off, even stalling, and so far seems confined largely to a limited range of market sectors and regions. The euro has successfully attained a place second only to the greenback, but it remains, and is likely to remain, a quite distant second without a determined effort by EMU authorities to promote their money’s global role. The temptation will surely be great. In practical terms, it is difficult to imagine that EMU authorities will refrain entirely from trying to promote a greater role for the euro. But that, in turn, could be a recipe for discord with the US, which has never made any secret of its commitment to preserving the greenback’s world-wide dominance. A struggle for monetary leadership could become a source of sustained tensions in US-European relations. Fortunately, however, there seems relatively little risk of a destabilising escalation into outright geopolitical conflict.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Estudio sólo disponible en inglés
Uncontrolled Keywords: Economía y Comercio Internacional
Subjects: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS > SINGLE EUROPEAN MARKET.
PUBLIC FINANCE; BANKING; INTERNATIONAL MONETARY RELATIONS > CURRENCIES; FINANCING > MONETARY POLICY.
PUBLIC FINANCE; BANKING; INTERNATIONAL MONETARY RELATIONS > INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM > FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKETS.
PUBLIC FINANCE; BANKING; INTERNATIONAL MONETARY RELATIONS > INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM > INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM.
CULTURE; SOCIETY > SOCIETY > LEADERSHIP
Divisions: Real Instituto Elcano, RIE
Depositing User: Jorge Horcas Pulido
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2012 16:57
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2012 16:57
URI: http://biblioteca.ribei.org/id/eprint/1789

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