Time for Spain to Support a New Direction on the Common Agricultural Policy?

Salmon, Keith (2002) Time for Spain to Support a New Direction on the Common Agricultural Policy? 20 p.. (Submitted)

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Abstract

During the lifetime of all farm workers in Spain, the agricultural sector has been highly regulated and protected. In the 1980s the regulatory framework that had evolved during the Franco regime was replaced by that of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) of the European Community. The European regime was not a static framework, but one which had already begun to shift from a 'productivist' to a 'post-productivist' system in the face of criticism both from inside and outside the Community. Agriculture was increasingly anomalous as other markets in the Community were liberalised. Since the mid-1980s the pressures for reform have continued unabated. In response the CAP has been subject to continuous modifications, which have never quite tackled fundamental policy weaknesses. At the beginning of 2003, with EU enlargement in sight, possibly some new political context for Europe, and in the midst of a new round of world trade negotiations (Doha Round) in which agriculture is the make-or-break issue, it seems a propitious time to reassess Spain's position on the CAP. Inside the EU there is a division of opinion, ranging from the British stance, which is extremely critical and seeks fundamental reform, to the French position that supports the status quo. Despite Spain's advocacy of liberalisation in other sectors of the economy, few voices in Spain have argued for liberalisation in agriculture. Protectionism has, after all, been the norm. In the face of new reform proposals under the Mid-term Review of the CAP, Spain has lined up with the French in opposition. This is unsurprising since Spain is the second largest net recipient of European transfers to the agriculture sector after France. But such a stance may not be the most beneficial one for Spain. Few studies in Spain have questioned the long-term continued support of agriculture in Spain despite the fact that EU enlargement and WTO proposals point to further reform. This paper sets out to examine the operation of the Common Agricultural Policy in Spain, to assess the present proposals for reform and to consider the Spanish position on the future of the CAP. It argues that in principle there is a strategic case for supporting an agricultural system more responsive to market forces and at least a shift from production to income support.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Estudio disponible sólo en inglés
Uncontrolled Keywords: Europa
Subjects: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS > SINGLE EUROPEAN MARKET.
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > COUNTRIES AND REGIONS > SPAIN
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS > AGRARIAN POLICY
AGRICULTURE > LAND ECONOMICS > AGRARIAN REFORM
Divisions: Real Instituto Elcano, RIE
Depositing User: Jorge Horcas Pulido
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 19:31
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2011 19:31
URI: http://biblioteca.ribei.org/id/eprint/436

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