The Role of International Cooperation in the Decentralisation Process in Low- and Middle-income Countries

Nickson, Andrew (2004) The Role of International Cooperation in the Decentralisation Process in Low- and Middle-income Countries. 5 p.. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Decentralisation has become a major priority for international development cooperation in recent years. Yet its impact has often fallen well below expectations. A more critical examination of such cooperation is necessary in order to avoid the pitfalls of the past and identify best practice for the future. Decentralisation is an increasingly common feature of international cooperation today. This reflects a prevalent view among donor agencies that the strengthening of sub-national levels of government is a prerequisite for improved governance and sustainable development. However decentralisation is no panacea and the impact of national decentralisation programmes have often been disappointing. Two forms of international cooperation in support of decentralisation are identified: one that supports the central government unit spearheading the decentralisation process and another that directly supports individual municipalities, usually in the form of decentralised cooperation. Three structural problems are identified that reduce the effectiveness of international cooperation for decentralisation: the persistence of clientelism and local corruption, the tendency for larger urban municipalities to ‘capture’ the benefits of international cooperation, and the lack of institutional memory caused by the high rotation of municipal officials, which reduces the impact of donor-funded capacity-building projects. Finally, some initiatives are mentioned that seek to overcome these problems: support for national municipal associations, the dissemination of ‘good practice’ in municipal development and ‘demand-led’ programmes in support of municipal projects.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Estudio sólo disponible en inglés
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cooperación Internacional y Desarrollo
Subjects: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > DEVELOPMENT AID
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION > AID PROGRAMMES.
ECONOMIC POLICY; SOCIAL POLICY; PLANNING > ECONOMIC POLICY; PLANNING > LOCAL PLANNING
Divisions: Real Instituto Elcano, RIE
Depositing User: Jorge Horcas Pulido
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2012 03:10
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2012 03:10
URI: http://biblioteca.ribei.org/id/eprint/641

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