Poverty, Sustainable Development and the Environment

Alonso, José Antonio (2004) Poverty, Sustainable Development and the Environment. Elcano Newsletter (4). 24 p.. ISSN 1698-5184

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Abstract

This chapter contains six basic sections. The first is a brief summary of the economic and social situation in the region following years of reforms since the mid-1980s. Beyond providing the context for the following sections of this chapter, such an analysis underscores the difficulties the region has faced in transforming the economic progress of the period into improved social well-being. Persistently high levels of inequality and relative poverty –chronic phenomena in Latin American development– reflect such difficulties. The second section deals directly with these phenomena. Once again, the analysis confirms the fact that even though economic growth is necessary for the elimination of poverty, it is far from sufficient for the achievement of this objective in Latin America. The creation of equal opportunities can only be built upon a foundation of economic growth accompanied by progress in providing equal access to resources and assets. Three lines of action are crucial for success: first, the formation of human capital through the provision of higher quality, more functional education for all; second, the generation of quality employment as a way to broaden the social base and support necessary for growth; and third, a universal system of social protection against risks must be consolidated. Finally, the environmental risks stemming from the chosen growth model will be discussed, as well as the steps necessary to resolve them. The chapter will conclude with a brief final section in which we take stock of the decade of the 1990s.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Estudio sólo disponible en inglés
Uncontrolled Keywords: América Latina
Subjects: EARTH SCIENCES; SPACE SCIENCES > GEOGRAPHY > REGIONAL ANALYSIS.
ECONOMIC POLICY; SOCIAL POLICY; PLANNING > ECONOMIC POLICY; PLANNING > ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
ECONOMIC POLICY; SOCIAL POLICY; PLANNING > SOCIAL POLICY > SOCIAL WELFARE
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS; ECONOMIC RESEARCH; ECONOMIC SYSTEMS > ECONOMIC RESEARCH; ECONOMICS > ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS; ECONOMIC RESEARCH; ECONOMIC SYSTEMS > ECONOMIC CONDITIONS > POVERTY
CULTURE; SOCIETY > SOCIETY > SOCIAL ASPECTS
CULTURE; SOCIETY > SOCIETY > SOCIAL INEQUALITY
Divisions: Real Instituto Elcano, RIE
Depositing User: Jorge Horcas Pulido
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 12:38
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2012 12:38
URI: http://biblioteca.ribei.org/id/eprint/718

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